Native American - Early Settler Marriages,
Image and Reality:
Life in Whatcom County 1860-1890
James and Mary ABBOTT
James Varnum ABBOTT was born on 17 June 1818 in Andover,
Oxford, Maine, the son of Holton H. and Polly (FARRINGTON) ABBOTT.
He died on Fir Island, Skagit County about 1900. He was a farmer. He married
near Sedro-Woolley about 1863 or 1865 according to the Indian custom to
Mary. They separated about 1874. The children continued
to reside with their father. They had three children:
James ABBOTT who was born on 18 Nov 1865.
Annie ABBOTTwho was born on 8 Feb 1868. She married John O. Beck.
John ABBOTT who was born on 8 June 1871. He died about 1896.
Mary ABBOTT was born about 1847 or 1852 at Concrete, Skagit County.
Her Indian name was Hy-chi-blow. She was a member of the Kiku-al-a-as
band of the Skagit Indians. She separated from James ABBOTT about
1874. She married a second time to Joe SHELTON of the Tulalip Reservation.
They, too, were divorced. Her third marriage was to Bill JAKE, a member
of the Kikualas band of the Skagit River Indians, living at the Swinomish
Reservation. They were married about 1898. They were still alive and living
together on 14 May 1917 at the Swinomish Indian Reservation. Their names
were listed as Bill JACOB and Mary JACOB on the Swinomish Census
Mary ABBOTT's father was Tzerl-sol-stu (Sol-sub-sue), a full-blood
of the Baker River Band of the Skagit Indians. He died about 1853. Her mother
was Tez-hi-zak (See-hy-wack) of the Nookchamps band of the Skagit
Indians. She died when Mary was about five years old or perhaps about 1877,
aged 60 years old, at Fir Island.
1. James ABBOTT was born on 18 Nov 1865 on Fir Island,
Skagit County. He worked as a lumber mill operator at Orting, Pierce County.
He was married on 1 Feb 1898 at Bellingham to Martha I.
TING, a three-quarter blood Alaskan Indian. Her father was Tom
TING who was alive in 1917 and living on the Lummi Indian Reservation.
He was about 65 years old in 1917. Her mother was Julia TING; she
died about 26 Sept 1904 or 1905.
James and Martha ABBOTT had eleven children:
a. James ABBOTT, Jr. was born on 13 Mar 1899 on Fir Island
in Skagit County.
b. Julia ABBOTT was born on 1 Oct 1900 at Lummi in Whatcom
c. Franklin ABBOTT was born on 22 Mar 1903 at Lummi in
d. John ABBOTT was born on 10 Feb 1905 at Lummi in Whatcom
e. Leona ABBOTT was born on 14 Jan 1907 at Marietta in
f. Myrtle ABBOTT was born on 4 Jun 1908 at Marietta in
g. Mary ABBOTT was born on 10 Mar 1910 at Lummi in Whatcom
h. Howard ABBOTT was born on 10 Nov 1912 at Marietta
in Whatcom County.
i. Henry ABBOTT was born on 1 Nov 1914 at Sequim in Clallam
2. Annie ABBOTT was born on 8 Feb 1868 and married on 21
Nov 1884 John O. BECK, a white man who was born in Pennsylvania
about 1850 and was living in Skagit County about 1884. They were divorced
in October 1916. She was living in 1917 on Fir Island where her father farmed.
They had six children who were born on Fir Island:
a. Philip BECK was born about January 1885.
b. Clinton BECK was born on 20 May 1889. By 1917, he
was married and lived on Fir Island.
c. Howard BECK was born on 26 Jun 1892. By 1917, he was
married and lived on Fir Island.
d. Ray BECK was born on 19 May 1894.
e. Hazel BECK was born on 25 Jan 1896. In 1917, she was
married to Mr. ALBANS and lived on Fir Island.
f. Elsie BECK was born on 29 Jan 1898.
g. Russel BECK was born on 9 Mar 1900.
Sources: Special Agent Charles E. Roblin, 1916-1919- Report on
Indians not allotted and not on reservations, microfilm roll 1343, roll 4,
filed with the Sandpoint National Archives, drawer D-7, Skagit, 0487- Abbott;
Land Title records of 2 August 1875; Whatcom County Census 1870, p. 8, #27,
Skagit precinct; Whatcom County 1880 Census, p. 48, #51, Skagit precinct;
Skagit County 1885, p. 33, #1 & #4; 1900 Census of Lummi Reservation,
Solomon and Mary ALLEN
Solomon ALLEN was born in 1827 in Lafayette, Randolph,
Illinois and died on 31 Jan 1895 in Whatcom County. His parents were probably
William and Tabitha ALLEN. He served "his country during the Mexican War."
He came to the west coast 1852 to work in the gold mines and then went to
the Fraser River gold rush after 1856. Quitting the mines, he arrived in
Bellingham Bay in 1858 where he worked as a carpenter, probably at the coal
mines. He homesteaded at Marietta on the Lummi Indian Reservation at the
mouth of the Nooksack River in 1864. His farm was worth four hundred and
fifty dollars. He cultivated six acres of fruit trees and cleared an additional
forty acres, leaving sixty acres untouched. His personal property was worth
eight hundred dollars. From 1860 to 1861, Solomon ALLEN performed
as the County Coroner.
Solomon ALLEN cohabited with Mary, an Indian. She
was born about 1845 in British Columbia and died at her home in Marietta
in January, 1913. They were legally married on 17 Sept 1873 at their home
attended by their friends John A. TENNANT and Thomas MURPHY in a service
performed by J. H. PLASTER, Probate Judge. Marietta in Whatcom County was
named for their only daughter. They had six children:
1. Frederick ALLEN was born about 1860. His wife
was Mary Eva BOWLAN. Their son, Solomon A. ALLEN, was born on 24 Mar 1885
and died on 2 Feb 1978 in Seattle.
2. John ALLEN was born about 1866.
3. David ALLEN was born about 1869.
4. Samuel ALLEN was born about 1874.
5. Mary ALLEN was born about 1874 and died before
6. James ALLEN was born about 1879.
Sources: WC-1860, p. 2, #89; WC-1870, p. 3; # 19; WC-1880, p.
27, #149; History of Whatcom County by Roth, p. 121 & 426; Whatcom Co.
Marriages; Lummi Cemetery, THE BULLETIN, V. 21, #2, Winter 1991. The Bellingham
Bay Reveille, February 1, 1895. 1850 census Randolph County, IL.
Reuben and Sally BIZER
Reuben BIZER was born about 1828 in Ohio. He arrived in
Whatcom County about 1860 with his partner, Col. PATTERSON and they settled
near Lynden. After PATTERSON left the county, Reuben BIZER farmed along the
Nooksack River at Ferndale in Whatcom County from 1870. He died on 30 March
1894 and was buried in Enterprise Cemetery near Ferndale.
He married Sally TEN, a Nooksack woman, about 1865. Their
marriage was legalized on 20 Sept 1873 by Father Chirouse, a Catholic priest,
and before two witnesses: John McGLYNN and D.M. McDONOUGH.
Sally TEN was born about 1847 in Whatcom County, Washington Territory.
Her father was Whee-ack-tub-sut, a Nooksack man. Her mother died when Sally
was a child. Phoebe JUDSON visited the family and wrote that, "We expected
to camp out that night, but Mr. BISOR kindly invited us to his house, where
we were hospitably entertained by his wife, a large, pleasant mannered Indian
woman, with whom I at once felt at home. Mrs. BISOR soon had a huge kettle
of potatoes ('wapatoes,' she called them) over the open fire." Sally died
in 1874 at the family farm in Ferndale. They raised four children:
David BIZER was born about 1865 in Washington Territory.
Emily BIZER was born about 1866 in Washington Territory.
Anna BIZER was born in Sept 1869 in Washington Territory.
John BIZER was born 1 Sept 1872 in Washington Territory; he died on
12 Mar 1940; he was the son of Reuben BIZER and Mathilde George (who is this?).
Reuben BIZER wrote a will and made his son, John, both the executor
and the beneficiary. John worked as a baseball pitcher in the 1890's and
later settled at Marietta at the mouth of the Nooksack River. John BIZER
died on 12 Mar 1940.
Emily BIZER married Thomas COTTER, a White man, who was born
in Ireland about 1858. Their marriage was legalized by John TENNANT, a Methodist
preacher, on 30 Oct 1883 at the home of D. ROGERS; it was witnessed by George
GREEN. Thomas COTTER died in April 1926. Emily BIZER died after
1918 and before 1920 census.
Sources: Whatcom County Census of 1870, p. 3, #12; Whatcom County
Census of 1880, p. 1, #8 and p. 3, #33; WGS Bulletin, Marriages, C-35; Whatcom
County Probate, Day Book 'C', 21 April 1894; WGS Bulletin, Lummi Cemetery,
v. 21, #2, p. 49; Robert Emmett Hawley, SKQEE MUS: or Pioneer Days on the
Nooksack, edited by P.R.J., introduced by David G. Tremaine (Bellingham,
Wash.: Miller & Sutherlen Printing Co, 1945), p. 47; Phoebe Goodell Judson,
A Pioneer's Search for an Ideal Home: A Book of Personal Memoirs, (Lincoln:
University of Nebraska Press, 1984), p. 202; Special Agent Charles E. Roblin,
1916-1919- Report on Indians not allotted and not on reservations, microfilm
roll 1343, rolls 1 to 6, filed with the Sandpoint National Archives, drawer
D-7, roll 4, frame 187.
Joseph and Catherine EMMERLING
Joseph EMMERLING was born about 1830 in Bavaria, Germany.
He came to the area as a miner in the Frazer River gold rush of 1858. After
it played out, he remained behind and worked as a farmer in Whatcom County,
near Lynden. He died on 11 Jan 1873. His estate was probated on 25 Feb 1873.
. "The total amount of receipts coming into the hands of the said Administrator
being seven hundred dollars, and after deducting the preferred claims there
remains insufficient to pay off the claims in full, and a dividend is hereby
ordered to be made to pay off said claims not preferred pro rata, which said
per cent amounts to __. And the said Administrator is required to withhold
the payments until the full time of one year expries." By George A. KELLOGG,
clerk of the Probate Court. Only one hundred and one dollars of the estate
were applied to the family's maintenance. The remainder paid off the court
fees, administrator's fees, and debts owed by Joseph to his neighbors, including
Daniel McCLANAHAN, James BERTRAND, James TAYLOR, George REHBERGER. He
mentioned his wife, Catherine and his child in his will; they were to received
all of his property. The executor of the will and the guardian of the child
was James H. TAYLOR; the witnesses were H. A. JUDSON and E. H. BARNES.
Joseph married Catherine, a Nooksack woman, born about
1852 in Washington Territory. They had one child:
Mary Jane EMMERLING, who was born in early 1874.
Robert Emmett HAWLEY wrote a short passage about Joe EMMERLING:
"Very little is known of this character of the early days around
Lynden. He too was a squawman, and his claim lay on the prairie east of present
Lynden. He also was a leftover from the Fraser River Gold Rush, and returning
disappointed, decided to bury the unfortunate past, and himself, in the depths
of the forest among the Nooksack Indians. He probably came at the same time
as Daniel McCLANANHAN, and took for his wife a belle of the Nooksack Tribe.
As far as known, they had no children, and no relatives of the husband were
ever heard from.
"A few months after my father had helped place the body of Daniel
McCLANAHAN in a split-cedar coffin and bury him in his orchard, he was called
upon to perform the same sad services for Joe EMMERLING. He was buried near
the graves of another white man and his Indian wife, who had died several
years before I came to Lynden. I never learned the names of the two, but
always thought they were relations of EMMERLING, since he took care of their
graves until he died. The location of these graves was approximately where
the Frank LANDALL place is today. Thus these three, of the very first white
settlers of Lynden, are sleeping today in unknown and unmarked graves."
Sources: Whatcom Genealogical Society, Whatcom County Census of
1870, p. 3, #4; Robert Emmett Hawley, SKQEE MUS: or Pioneer Days on the Nooksack,
edited by P.R.J.[Prescott R. Jeffcott], introduced by David G. Tremaine
(Bellingham, Wash.: Miller & Sutherlen Printing Co, 1971), p. 176; State
Archives at Bellingham, #10067, Day Book- Journal C- Whatcom County- #74-7-637,
shelf # W5-5-6; p. 34; Whatcom Genealogical Society, Bulletin, Vol. 31, No.1,
Christian and Mary FINKBONNER
Christian C. FINKBONNER was born about 1824 in Jacksonville,
Morgan Co., Illinois and was of German extraction. He died from heart failure
on 18 Oct 1876 in Sehome, Whatcom County. In 1854, Christian migrated to
San Francisco where he worked as a broker. In 1858, he migrated to the gold
fields of Fraser River in British Columbia. After the gold panned out, he
moved to Bellingham, Whatcom County, Washington Territory where he worked
as a clerk for RICHARDS and HYATT, brick merchants. C. C. FINKBONNER held
many public positions. . Twice he worked for the Federal Government; once,
he worked as an Indian Sub-Agent for the Bureau of Indian Affairs at the
Lummi Indian Reservation. Later he held the job of a Customs Agent for the
Internal Revenue Service. Three times he stood for election in a county race.
He served as a member of the Territorial Legislature. From 1860 to 1862,
he was elected and served as a Whatcom County Commissioner. In 1867 and 1868,
he was elected as the Whatcom County Treasurer. At the time of his death,
he held a position at the Bellingham Bay Coal Company. The pall bearers at
his funeral were John A. TENNANT, Thomas WYNNE, John R. DAVIS, John FRAVEL,
Henry ROEDER, and Edward ELDRIDGE, each a prominent man in the County. His
estate was appraised by two of the pall bearers: J. R. DAVIS, Henry ROEDER
and Herman HOFERCAMP while it was administered by James H. TAYLOR.
Christian C. FINKBONNER married Mary WRIGHT, a Langley
and Clallum tribal woman, prior to 1862. Mary WRIGHT's Indian name was
"Que-sa-wa;" she was born about 1842 and died on 17 July 1932 in Ferndale,
Washington. Later, they celebrated their marriage with a legal ceremony on
18 Aug 1873 at their home on the Lummi Indian Reservation. Witness included
John McGLINN and Celia LATSEA; the ceremony was performed by J. H. PLASTER,
Prior to his death, C .C FINKBONNER attended a religious camp meeting where
he converted and became a Christian, probably, Methodist. As evidence of
his newly found grace, he and his wife participated in a mass marriage ceremony
for twenty-eight couples.
Christian and Mary had six children:
Charles Frederick FINKBONNER was born on 29 Aug 1862. He became an
American citizen in 1884 after acquiring an allotment of land from the Federal
Government. He married about 1883 to Theresa McKENZIE. She was the daughter
of Forsythe and Lena McKENZIE. Theresa was born about 1857 in Washington
Territory and died on 25 Feb 1951. Theresa and Charles had eight of ten children
survive, all born on the Lummi Reservation:
John FINKBONNER was born about 1884.
Eveline FINKBONNER was born about 1887.
Maud FINKBONNER was born about 1889.
Helen FINKBONNER was born about 1890.
Lucy FINKBONNER was born about 1895.
Edith FINKBONNER was born about 1897.
Clara FINKBONNER was born about 1899.
Frederick FINKBONNER was born about 1903.
Ellen FINKBONNER was born on 29 April 1867; she married on 12 Dec
1887 to John PIETRO(?). The wedding was witnessed by Henry FINKBONNER and
performed by J. B. BOULET, a Catholic Priest assigned to the Lummi Indian
Henry "Harry" Robert FINKBONNER was born on 2 May 1870 and died in
23 Oct 1945. He was an American citizen after being allotted land granted
by the Federal Government in 1884. He married Rose Ann GUTHRIE 28 Nov 1896.
She was born on Orcas Island on 14 Jul 1878 and died on 4 Nov 1948. Her parents
were James GUTHRIE and Agnes YIERMONTH (see also).
Harry and Rose had two sons:
Harry James FINKBONNER was born on 30 Jun 1899 and died on 5 Jul 1953, a
Richard FINKBONNER was age 5 in 1910 census.
Francis "Frank" Jacob FINKBONNER was born on 8 Feb 1873 died on 9
June 1959. He married to Celena (name not known).
Children from 1920 census:
Margaret FINKBONNER was born about 1910.
Jacob FINKBONNER was born about 1911.
William? FINKBONNER was born about 1914.
Hazel FINKBONNER was born about 1916.
Christian FINKBONNER was born about 1918.
George FINKBONNER was born on Easter Sunday in 1875 and died on 2
Apr 1950 unmarried.
Lizzie FINKBONNER was named as a minor heir of her father 26 Nov 1878.
Phoebe Goodell JUDSON wrote of her experiences of living in the area at the
time. Phoebe mentioned the FINKBONNERs: "...when Mr. FINKBONNER, the Indian
agent, invited us to his residence, where...his Indian woman welcomed us
very kindly, and seemed pleased to entertained us in her home."
Sources: Whatcom Genealogical Society Bulletin (WGSB), "Marriages,"
Vol. 11, #2, Winter, 1980 and Vol. 11, #3, Spring 1981, p. 124; WGSB, Vol.
1 & 2, "Whatcom County Book of Wills," #27 for 22 Nov 1876; WGSB, Vol.
21, #3, Spring 1991, p. 92; WGSB, Vol. 21, #2, p. 52; WGSB, "Whatcom County
Census of 1900," July 1979, pp. 433 to 446; National Archives at Sandpoint,
Whatcom County Census of 1900, the Lummi Reservation, page #266B & #267A;
Lottie Roeder Roth, editor, History of Whatcom County, Vol. 1 & 2 (Chicago,
IL: Pioneer Historical Publishing Company, 1926), p. 199; Phoebe Gooddell
Judson, A Pioneer's Search for an Ideal Home: a Book of Personal Memoirs,
(Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1984), p. 201; Dorothy H. Johnson,
Percival R. Jeffcott, and Michael Sullivan, Builders of Whatcom County: John
A. Tennant, Early Pioneer and Preacher (Bellingham, WA: Fourth Corner Registry,
1978), p. 33.
John and Biddy HARRIS
John HARRIS was born about 1821 or 1824 in Texas and died
on 14 Jan 1883 without a will; the executor of the estate was A. J. ATKINSON.
John Harris was an "...erstwhile squawman and very early settler at Semiahmoo
and Point Roberts..." He lived the Whatcom precinct in 1870 where he farmed
a homestead worth $600 and owned personal property worth $200. At the time
of the 1880 census, John lived alone at Point Roberts where he worked as
a fisherman. A feud started between Charles MITCHELL and John HARRIS that
ended badly for John:
|"On Thursday, January 11, Charles MITCHELL and John HARRIS, both residing
near Point Roberts, got into a fight and MITCHELL clubbed HARRIS to death
with a shotgun. HARRIS died on the night of January 13. He was 68 years of
age and leaves a wife and one daughter. The daughter is the wife of A. J.
Charles MITCHELL was tried for the murder of John HARRIS.
In an early history of Blaine, Washington published in The Blaine
Journal, December 12 and 19, 1889 the following was written:
|"Among the boundary commission was John HARRIS who was cook for Lieut.
PARK, and who after the commission had finished its work here took up what
is now known as the ELWOOD place, between California and Dakota creeks. He
settled there some time early in the '60's, and a few years ago was murdered
on Point Roberts by a Greek brigand."
John HARRIS married Biddy, an Indian woman; she was born
about 1832 in Washington Territory.
John and Biddy had three children:
George HARRIS was born about 1858.
Emily HARRIS was born about 1861.
Josephine HARRIS was born about 1866.
Sources: Harris- Whatcom County Census of 1870 Census, p. 3, #17;
Whatcom County Census of 1880, p. 12, #180; Whatcom County Probate Court,
appts of executors journal, p. 29; Whatcom Genealogical Society, Bulletin,
#7, #4, June 1977, p. 158, Extract of North West Enterprise, 27 Jan 1883;
Richard E. Clark, Point Roberts, U.S.A.: The History of A Canadian Enclave
(Bellingham, WA: Textype Publishing, date not noted), p. 27/30.
Alexander HEMPHILL was born about 1832 in Ireland and died
1 Jan 1879. He became a citizen of the United States. Here he worked as a
telegraph line tender. In 1870 he lived near Semiahmoo in Whatcom County.
In 1878, Alexander was indicted for the crime of 'open and notorious
fornication', to wit: for living in an unmarried state with a female over
the age of fourteen. The woman that Alexander lived with was not named. However,
he was indicted at the same time as eight other men that had Indian wives.
All nine men had not legally recorded their marriages. Some prominent men
in the county sought to force Alexander and his neighbors to get married
by using the law to blackmail them into doing it. The other men married prior
to the scheduled trial date in June of 1879.
Alexander was named as a "squawman"
by the author Marie Arbuckle.
Report from the Bellingham Bay Mail dated 11 January 1879: "Died-
Mr. Alex HEMPHILL, of Semiahmo, died at the Port Townsend hospital, on the
1st inst. A few weeks ago, HEMPHILL was adjudged, by the Probate Court of
this County, as mentally incapable of attending to his affairs, and a guardian,
(Mr. J. E. FREESE, of Semiahmoo) was appointed to take charge of his effects.
He was then sent to the hospital, where he died a few days after his arrival.
He was a single man and leaves no relatives in the county; he died possessed
of a good ranch, of 160 acres bordering Semiahmoo Bay."
When Alexander died, he died without heirs. An excutor, Joshua B. PINCKNEY,
was appointed by the Probate Court Judge, John A. TENNANT, to settle the
Source: Whatcom County Census of 1870, p. 3, #18; Marie Arbuckle
and others, A Symbol of Our Heritage: The Old Fir Tree (Blaine Centennial
History: 1884-1984), p. 75; Wash State Archives at WWU, Record Group Title:
Skagit County, Office of County Clerk, Series Title: Territorial District
Court Civil/Criminal Case, Files, Case #53, Dates: 1878- 1889; Whatcom County
Probate, Appointment of Executors journal, p. 6; Whatcom Genealogical Society,
Bulletin, Vol. 31, No. 3, p.70.
John G. and Emma HYATT
John G. HYATT was born about 1828 in Ohio and died before
the date of the1870 census when his widow was raising a family with
James H. TAYLOR. Emma was born about 1841 in Washington
Territory and died 10 May 1915. She is buried in Lummi Tribal Cemetery. John
G. HYATT and Charles RICHARDS erected the first brick building in the county,
to which they came as pioneers. In the early days it was used as a court
house, and the structure is still standing.
They had one child:
John G. HYATT, Jr. was born 2 May 1864 in Whatcom, Washington and
died 15 Oct 1934. He remained unmarried and worked on his step-father's ranch,
on boats and in logging camps and since 1910 owned and operated the homestead
which his step-father entered in Marietta township in 1868. He filled the
position of school director for nine years, and for sixteen years he was
Sources: Whatcom County Census of 1870, 1860, p. 1, #78;
Roth, Lottie Roeder, ed. History of Whatcom County, Vol 2. (Chicago: Pioneer
Historical Publishing Company, 1926), p. 478.
Anson and Mary JOHNSON
Anson or Ansel JOHNSON was born in Kentucy about 9 Jan
1835. He died on 7 Mar 1907 at Sumas, Whatcom County as Ansel R. JOHNSON
and is buried in Sumas Cemetery. He worked as a miner and as a farmer; he
farmed in Whatcom County from 1880. Anson married Mary
ROBERTS on 7 Jun 1879 by W.R. MOULTRY at the home of R. JOHNSON
and was witnessed by Bartlett O'HOWARD and Henry BARKER. Robert JOHNSON married
Mrs. MANLEY on 23 May 1879. In the 1880 census, Mary was the mother of a
son, Jack ROBERTS, who was born about 1870 in British Columbia. Mary was
a Nooksack and Sumas woman; she was born about 1840 in British Columbia.
Her father was John KAHITCHELL, a Sumas man. Her mother was Rosie SAMYETH,
a Nooksack woman. Mary died after the date of the 1880 census at Sumas.
Anson and Mary had two children:
Robert Tate JOHNSON was born on 5 May 1876 at Sumas, Whatcom County.
Robert married on 3 May 1916 in Bellingham to Iva Ellen CARRYSOT or CROOKS,
a White woman; she was born in Wisconsin 7 Aug 1868 and died 29 Dec 1939.
Robert and Mary did not have any children. Robert married Jessie LINDSEY
who was born in Washington and died 28 Dec 1967 in Marysville, Snohomish,
WA. Robert was the postmaster of Sumas and owner of 16 acres. He died
22 Dec 1959. Robert, Iva and Jessie JOHNSON are buried in Sumas Cemetery.
William JOHNSON age 1 in 1880 census.
Sources: Whatcom County Census of 1880, p. 6, #94; Whatcom Genealogical
Society, Bulletin, "Marriages," Vol. 11, #2, Winter, 1980 and Vol. 11, #3,
Spring 1981; Records kept on file at the Washington State Archives at Bellingham;
Whatcom County LICENSES 1874-1880, p.147; Special Agent Charles E. Roblin,
1916-1919- Report on Indians not allotted and not on reservations, microfilm
roll 1343, rolls 4, filed with the Sandpoint National Archives, drawer D-7,
Daniel and Harriet KILCUP
Daniel KILCUP was born about 1833 in Nova Scotia [Lynden
Cemetery record has his birth as 27 Oct 1832 in Boston, MA]. He died on 12
Oct 1889 without a will; the executor of the estate was his eldest child.
In 1870, he logged on Samish Island, Skagit County having real estate worth
$500 dollars using personal property worth $2000 dollars. KILCUP came to
Edison in Skagit County the 1860's, and then to Bellingham in 1865. In 1870
he took up a homestead in Lynden with his brother-in-law, Henry WEST. Daniel
applied for citizenship and was admitted on or about 7 June 1879.
Daniel married Harriet FILLDUE or FILLERDUE
of French Canadian and local Native American extraction. Partners and neighbors
of Daniel KILCUP, Harry WEST, and George REHBERGER, married two sisters of
Harriet. Her father was born in Eastern Canada of French descent. She was
born about 1845 or 1847 in British Columbia; she died on 17 Oct 1918. Daniel
is buried in Lynden Cemetery but it is not known if Harriet is buried there
Daniel and Harriet had thirteen children:
John Maxwell KILCUP was born about 1860 in British Columbia. John
was a steamer captain; he ran steamers up the Nooksack River. John had six
children. He was buried in Lynden Cemetery 13 Aug 1941. His daughter, Flossie
Harriette, was born 16 Mar 1896 and died 9 May 1910. She is also buried
in Lynden Cemetery.
Louisa KILCUP was born about 1863 in British Columbia; she married
on 29 May 1883 to Francis A. PEASE of King County and lived in Los Angeles;
she was the mother of three children.
Mary J. KILCUP was born about 1865 in Washington Territory; she married
Mr. COFFIN and had three children; they lived in Los Angeles.
Emma KILCUP was probably born in December 1868 and died in November 1869 of diptheria. She is listed in the Mortality Schedule for Whatcom County, Washington Territory as age 11/12.
Margaret KILCUP was born in April 1870 in Washington Territory; she
died before 1926. Margaret married on 4 Jul 1886 to Charles Albert MURPHY
in a ceremony performed by her father in his capacity as Justice of the Peace;
James WEBBER was the witness. Margaret was the mother of five children; they
lived in Lynden.
Agnes KILCUP was born about 1872 in Washington Territory; she married
Mr. BRATT of Los Angeles. In July, 1893 she married Henry A. JONES of New
Emma KILCUP was born 8 Jun 1874 in Everson, Washington Territory and
died 30 Dec 1933; she married in 1904 to Erick J. GRANDQUIST , who was born
29 Feb 1860 in Sweden. E. J. GRANDQUIST died on 9 Oct 1924. Both are buried
in Lynden Cemetery.
Biography of Emma (KILCUP)
Emma and Erick J. had two children:
Paul GRANDQUIST of high school age in 1926.
Dorothy GRANDQUIST of high school age in 1926.
Annie KILCUP was born 20 Mar 1876 in Everson, Washington Territory
and died 28 June 1963; she married James M. HILL who was born 19 Jun 1881
in Nebraska and died 14 Oct 1973. They had three children. Annie and
James are buried in Greenacres Cemetery.
Robert E. KILCUP was born about January, 1880 in Washington Territory.
Robert had six children and lived in Oregon. He died 12 Apr 1962 in Multnomah
Sarah Marie KILCUP was born 16 Jan 1864 and died 30 Mar 1868.
She is buried in Lynden Cemetery.
Daniel KILCUP was born 1868 and died 25 Aug 1896. He is buried in
Charles KILCUP was born 5 May 1878 and died 16 Jan 1879. He
is buried in Lynden Cemetery.
Dillon KILCUP lived in Lynden and had one child, Dillon Kennth. He
married Annie BOWMAN, daughter of Herman A. and Margaret (HOVENGA) BOWMAN.
Edith May KILCUP was born 18 Dec 1885 in Everson, Washington Territory
and died 24 Jan 1965 in Blaine, WA. She married Andrew Alford HELANDER who
was born 3 Jul 1879 in Sweden and died 7 Oct 1966 in Blaine, WA. Both are
buried in Greenacres Cemetery.
Robert Emmett HAWLEY wrote from memory about three neighbors of his:
"Daniel KILCUP, Harry WEST and George REHBERGER:
These three men were the products of the Fraser River Gold Rush, and afterward
were associated in various occupation around New Westminster and Ft. Langley.
Previously, George REHBERGER had been with the boundary survey. All three
married halfbreed sisters who were of the old FELEDOW family that settled
at Ft. Langley about 1845, and were servants of the Hudson's Bay Company.
Harry WEST and George REHBERGER came over to Whatcom about 1862 to work for
the Bellingham Bay Coal Company, West as a millwright, and REHBERGER as a
Later, in 1863, they persuaded Daniel KILCUP to bring over his two yoke of
oxen to haul logs for the sawmill at Whatcom Creek Falls. He drove these
oxen over the old Indian trail from Ft. Langley to Nooksack Crossing, and
thence by the Whatcom Trail to Bellingham Bay. When the coal mines closed
down sometimes afterwards, these three men set out to locate homesteads.
Now KILCUP, when he came over the old Langley trail, had noticed a considerable
piece of prairie land in what has since been called the Timon District, so
they explored that section and decided to settle there. This was in the late
sixties. For some time all three men continued to work in Whatcom, but in
1873, when the mill burned down, KILCUP moved his family to the homestead,
followed by the WESTs and REHBERGERs in 1878, after the coal mines closed
permanently. These three families formed the nucleus of the Timon community."
Sources: Whatcom Census of 1870, p. 1, #1; Whatcom County Census
of 1880, p. 9, #125 & p. 32, #64; Whatcom Co; Record of Probate court,
appts of executors journal, p. 85; Robert Emmett Hawley, SKQEE MUS: or Pioneer
Days on the Nooksack, edited by P.R.J., introduced by David G. Tremaine
(Bellingham, Wash.: Miller & Sutherlen Printing Co, 1984), p. 31, 32,
178; Lottie Roeder Roth, editor, History of Whatcom County (Chicago: Pioneer
Historical Publishing Company, 1926), p. 381; Washington State Archives at
Bellingham; Whatcom County LICENSES 1874-1880, p.147; Whatcom Genealogical
Society, Whatcom County Marriage Book, (Bellingham, n/d), p. 71, C-32, 7
C-61; Whatcom Genealogical Society, Bulletin, "Marriages," Vol. 11, #2, Winter,
1980 and Vol. 11, #3, Spring 1981, p. 7 & 123; Whatcom Genealogical Society,
Bulletin, Vol. 31, No. 4, p. 103. Whatcom County Cemetery