Biography of Carl Hankel
HANKEL came with his parents as a lad of 15 in 1861 from Germany by boat to
Wisconsin. In the census reading of
1870 he was listed as a farm laborer and still at home age 24 years.
Two of his older brothers William and Robert were now married.
Two years later he was to find his wife who was from Madison,
Wisconsin." Source: 50th
Hankel Reunion Book, 1986. JAS,
" . . . The
National Homestead Act had gone into effect in 1862.
In 1873 it was amended with the Timber Culture Act which would help
homesteaders. It allowed them to
gain another 160 acres by planting one fourth of it in trees with in [sic] four
years. The completion of railroads
in 1867 and the bridge built over the Missouri River in 1872 opened up Nebraska
to more immigrants. . ." Source:
"50th Hankel Reunion Book, pgs 1-2. JAS,
companies probably played into four brothers who was to move on and into
Nebraska. From 1862, The Union
Pacific rails crept from the Eastern states westward.
The Central Pacific was building eastward from Sacramento, California.
Not many rails were laid during the War between the States but with
thousands of released soldiers the rails went west with a frantic pace.
The Union Pacific and Central Pacific met in 1869.
Many branches of railroads were laid off on this main railway opening up
the west." Source: "50th
Hankel Reunion Book", page 2. JAS,
"Now, one of
the greatest advertising campains [sic] in America history began.
The land-grant railroads made extraordinary efforts to attract settlers
from Europe as well as those recent immigrants already in the States.
. . ." Source:
"50th Hankel Reunion Book", page 2.
18. 1872 Carl and CHARLOTTE SABRINA FRYER were married.
Their first child EDWAR[sic] CHARLES (HANKEL) arrived July 13, 1873 and
his brother ROBERT (HANKEL) has left for a new area, Nebraska.
Nebraska was a new state being admitted to the union in 1867.
The railroads companys [sic] were now building into this area and
advertising huge tracts of land for sale that had been given to the railroads by
the Federal Government. Carl,
Charlotte and son Edward moved to Hampton, Hamilton County, Nebraska in 1874
where they had to live in a sod shanty until they could build a home on their
homestead. Here in May 1875 a
second son William arrived. There
were to live in Nebraska for ten years when they decided to come by railroad to
Portland, Oregon. IDA, ROBERT,
MINNIE and MARY (HANKEL) were born here in Nebraska."
a United State Citizen while in Nebraska in 1879.
The home he built and lived in, the owners he sold too in 1884 celebrated
100 years in 1984."
Transcontinental railway crossed into Washington and Oregon in 1883.
Oregon had become a state in 1859 leaving the Washington territory.
Leaving his brothers and families [sic] in Nebraska he came by train with
his wife Charlotte and six children age 11 years to one year.
In 1884 Portland, Oregon is a busy center.
They were to settle some 20 miles south of the city in Sherwood, Oregon
German settlement. Here two more
[sic] sons were born, George and Herman being confirmed in the Lutheran
"In 1887 the
Washington territory was being advertised by railroads and promoters so Carl
once again on April 13, 1887 went to LIncoln County, Washington and got land
near the town of Wilbur, Washington. The
land was some 12 to 15 miles south at Fairview, now Wheatridge area.
They lived in a dug out down in the rock coulee until a house was built
on the land. A Dug Out is a long
trench dug in the ground next to a rock wall and rocks built up to lay pine
poles on across, then tulles or any material was used to keep the rain out.
Washington became a state in November 1889.
His descendants are Pioneer to the state [sic]."
"The town of
Wilbur was started in 1875 by WILD GOOSE BILL CONDON was one store. [sic]
In 1883 the country was new, and neighbors were few.
The first Post Office was 1885 but soon failed.
Their [sic] would be many post masters before the town was settle [sic].
The first home was constructed in 1888.
Wilbur was first incorporated in March 1889 but after admission of
Washington too [sic] a state in November 1889 all such incorporations were
declared void. Finally in 1890 it
was declared lawfully a 4th class town. By
now their [sic] are 350 residents, 3 or more saloons, 2 general stores, a
combined furniture and undertaking parlor, meat market, and Hays Wagons and
come by railroad to Sprague (railroad center) some 40 to 50 miles east and south
of his land. He drove his cattle
and horses across country to his farm in 1887.
When the railroad came into Wilbur to haul grain in the 1889 and 1890
their [sic] was soon a bank a mill, and a stage line.
But their [sic] were many hard times ahead. The summer of 1889 the crops failed due to late storms and
wind drying out the soil."
"In 1890 to
start the New Year they had for over a week the worst storms in history.
The settlers were without communication, the railroads were blocked, the
stock was starving from the heavy snow and keeping alive must of been
Register was printed in 1889. The
big news was the County being named after President Lincoln, Wilbur must
prosper. 'Now let Wilbur, the
Keystone of the Big Bend, be named the capital (apparently of Washington) very
grand plans for the small eastern town. Schools
were started in outlaying districts as early as 1884 but taught by mothers or
volunteers. Fairview district was where the Hankel children attended when
they weren't needed at home. First school in Wilbur was 1888 and 1891 a $5000.00
two story brick school house was erected on south hill.
Over the years their [sic] has been several schools built on this
1891 Carl Hankel has gone to Sprague to serve on the jury.
Beside the first land he acquired in 1887 he added 160 acres paying on
April 7, 1891 $874.40 for a total of 235 acres.
The Wilbur paper on July 14, 1893 had this news item:"
living ten miles south of town, met with a distressing accident Wednesday
morning. He is about 50 years of
age (was 47) before breakfast, about six o'clock, he took his rifle and went out
into the yard to shoot a hawk that was flying over the field.
He made an examination of the gun to see that itwas [sic] properly loaded
holding the barrel downward. In
fingering the trigger the weapon was discharged, the shot entering the right leg
about two inches above knee joint, passing downward and completely shattering
the bone. The rifle was in such
range that its idscharge made a fearful wound.
A messenger (son Robert) was sent to Wilbur for Drs. YOUNT and KING, who
arrived at the house at 10 o'clock. The
injured man was attended to and relieved in every way possible, but the wound is
of dangerous character that amputation may become necessary."
1893 -- Wilbur paper reports: MR. HANKEL IMPROVING: Carl Hankel, the old
gentleman who so badly wounded the 12th of July by the accidental discharge of a
shot gun (rifle) is now reported improving.
As stated in the Register last week, the wound was in the knee, the cap
being entirely blown off by a heavy load of buckshot.
It is now thought that amputation will not be necessary as at first
supposed, although the physicians say that all danger has not been passed."
Source: 50th Hankel Reunion Book, 1986.
Carl was adamant
that the leg NOT be amputated. Source:
R. Ellen Wagner Artley, 8/2000.
"Of all cases
of the same nature recorded in surgery, not more than one in five have
recovered. Mr. Hankel may fortunately regain the use of the limb and be
able to walk with the aid of artificial supports.
Dr. Yount, who returned from a call at the ranch Wednesday, reports that
the patient is resting well."
1884--Mr. Carl Hankel has started to sod plow in his new ranch (Lots of sons to
"June 1, 1894
-- Carl Hankel has about 80 acres of sod broken on his new ranch.
This farm is now in 1986 where John Wagner a Great-grandson still lives
"Fall of 1894
after harvest Carl and son William left to get winter wood about 25 miles to
Creston. It was already getting cold but taking two wagons and food
for several days they had got one wagon loaded when Carl slipped and fell, due
to the unstable knee. He broke some
ribs and injured his side and went into a chill.
Williams got a fire going and since it was too late to start home that
night he tried keeping his father warm and early next morning they started home.
Carl suffered from the chill and stress had [sic] pneumonia.
His labored breathing and suffering when on several days and realizing
that he may die he asked William to stay and help his [William's] mother.
The older son Ed was 21 was gone and out on his own.
They were not able to save Carl's life and on December 14, 1894 he passed
away. He left his wife Charlotte and 8 sons and three daughters,
ranging in age from 21 to 7 months old. . . " Source: "50th Hankel Reunion, Descendants of Carl
Wilhelm Hienrich Hankel, 1846-1894 & Charlotte Sabrina Fryer,
1850-1919" (1986). JAS,
" . . .
Ironically a brace to keep his leg from swinging back and forth came a
few days after his death." GEORGE
and MARY (HANKEL) Wagner purchased the Hankel homestead in 1913.
Source: Hankel Family Reunion Book Addendum (1978), p. 3.
I've listed the sources under each paragraph and then JAS and the date. The JAS stands for me (Judy Artley Sandbloom) and the date is when I keyed the info into Family Tree Maker. If there are several paragraphs without a source notation the next source cited applies to all of the above paragraphs. If at all possible, I want the sources listed along with the info. I really want the people who provided the information to get their credit. Judy
Submitted to the WAGenWeb by Judy Artley, Sept. 30, 2003
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